Date of this Version
Harveson, R. M., Markell, S. G., Goswami, R., Urrea, C. A., Burrows, M. E., Dugan, F., Chen, W., and Skoglund, L. G. 2011. Ascochyta blight of chickpeas. Online. Plant Health Progress doi:10.1094/PHP-2011-0103-01-DG.
The chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), also known as the garbanzo bean, is an annual grain legume crop that ranks among the world’s three most important pulses (seed legumes used as food). It is an important source of protein in many parts of central Asia and Africa. It was one of the first grain legumes domesticated in the Old World and is thought to have originated in present-day southeastern Turkey and northern Syria due to the endemic presence of its progenitor (Cicer reticulatum Ladiz.) in this area (1,36).
Historically chickpea has been a minor crop in the United States, but interest in it as an alternative crop to spring cereals has increased in the Pacific Northwest and areas of the High Plains where rainfall is marginal. This is reflected in markedly increased production since the late 1980s (28) with 81,900 ha planted in 2008 (35). The majority of the 2008 crop was produced in Washington (36.6%), Idaho (32.6%), North Dakota (11.4%), and California (7.8%) (35).