Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy


Date of this Version


Document Type



Published in Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 442 (2017), pp 45–52.

doi 10.1016/j.jmmm.2017.06.081


Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. Used by permission.


Copper-permalloy [Cu1–x(Ni80Fe20)x] alloy films were deposited by co-sputtering and their chemical, structural, magnetic, and electrical properties were characterized. These films are found to have favorable weak ferromagnetic properties for low temperature magnetoelectronic applications. Our results show that by varying the composition, the saturation magnetization (Ms) can be tuned from 700 emu/cm3 to 0 and the Curie temperature (Tc), can be adjusted from 900 K to 0 K. The Ms and Tc are found to scale linearly between x = 25% and 100%. Electronic structure calculations are used to provide a strong fundamental understanding of the mechanisms responsible for establishing the observed electrical and magnetic properties. The theoretical results also show that the introduction of Cu into the permalloy lattice results in very strong spin scattering in the minority spin channel, with only moderate interactions in the majority channel.