Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy


Date of this Version



Published by American Institute of Physics. J. Chem. Phys. 104, 1855 (1996). ©1996 American Institute of Physics. Permission to use.


Differential cross section measurements for the elastic scattering of electrons from CH3Cl at energies from 0.5 to 9.5 eV are reported for scattering angles of 30° and 100°. The angular scattering dependence is determined at selected energies over this range. At energies below 1.0 eV, the cross sections are in excellent agreement with calculations using the Born dipole approximation. At large angles and higher energies, the scattering is dominated by a 2A1 temporary negative ion state near 3.5 eV. Energy loss data at 3.5, 5.0, and 8.5 eV are reported and the relative contributions of various vibrational modes determined. Differential cross sections for vibrational excitation of the υ3(a1)C-Cl and υ4(e)CH stretching modes have been measured. The latter reveals a broad shape resonance of 2E symmetry peaking near 5.5 eV. Angular distributions for excitation of these same modes are also reported. Using fittings to the vibrational excitation functions, the resonance parameters have been extracted and used in a mixed semiempirical ab initio calculation to compute the relative strengths of the vibrational energy loss peaks. These compare favorably with the results of the experiment. Elastic cross sections integrated over angle are reported for low energies. They are substantially larger than the results from recent measurements of the total cross section.

Included in

Physics Commons