Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy


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Published in the Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A 16„(5), Sep/Oct 1998. Copyright © 1998 American Vacuum Society. Used by permission. For free online abstracts, see


The surface of the complex oxides, in particular the manganese perovskites, is dominated by a different free enthalpy at the surface. This can be demonstrated by surface segregation after annealing the samples. By comparing relative x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy intensities of the manganese perovskite La1-xCaxMnO3 (x=0.1, 0.35) for different emission angles, the profile of elemental concentration was determined. Analysis shows evidence for pronounced surface segregation of calcium. Our results suggest that there are strong differences between surface and bulk enthalpies without segregation or surface relaxation. This is consistent with the previously observed surface resonance in the electronic band structure.

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