Date of this Version
Physical Review B 98 054412 (2018), pp.1-7.
The bias dependence of spin injection in graphene lateral spin valves is systematically studied to determine the factors affecting the tunneling spin injection efficiency. Three types of junctions are investigated, including MgO and hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) tunnel barriers and direct contacts. A dc bias current applied to the injector electrode induces a strong nonlinear bias dependence of the nonlocal spin signal for both MgO and hBN tunnel barriers. Furthermore, this signal reverses its sign at a negative dc bias for both kinds of tunnel barriers. The analysis of the bias dependence for injector electrodes with a wide range of contact resistances suggests that the sign reversal correlates with bias voltage rather than current.We consider different mechanisms for nonlinear bias dependence and conclude that the energy-dependent spin-polarized electronic structure of the ferromagnetic electrodes, rather than the electrical field-induced spin drift effect or spin filtering effect of the tunnel barrier, is the most likely explanation of the experimental observations.