Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy
Date of this Version
QILONG SUN et al. PHYSICAL REVIEW MATERIALS 4, 124401 (2020). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.4.124401
Electric control of magnetism in magnetoelectric (ME) multiferroics is expected to have a significant impact on a wide range of technological applications. Here, we predict the modulation of magnetism in ultrathin platinum films due to the ferroelectric polarization of the BaTiO3 substrate, which along with biaxial strain changes the density of states at the Fermi energy. We demonstrate that both the magnitude and direction of the magnetization depend strongly on the polarization direction and/or strain. This leads to an unprecedented ME effect involving a giant change of magnetocrystalline anisotropy under polarization switching due to the large spin-orbit coupling of Pt. These findings pave the way of an alternative strategy for the design of nonvolatile and ultralow power spintronics and magnetic memory storage devices.
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