Department of Physics and Astronomy: Publications and Other Research


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XIAO, SHAO, HUANG, AND JIANG. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 102, 024109 (2020). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.102.024109


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Ferroelectriclike metals are a relatively rare class of materials that have ferroelectriclike distortion and metallic conductivity. LiOsO3 is the first demonstrated and the most investigated ferroelectriclike metal. The presence of free carriers makes them difficult to be studied by traditional ferroelectric techniques. In this paper, using symmetry analysis and first-principles calculations, we demonstrate that the ferroelectriclike transition of LiOsO3 can be probed by a kind of electrical transport method based on nonlinear Hall effect. The Berry curvature dipole exists in the ferroelectriclike phase and it can lead to a measurable nonlinear Hall conductance with a conventional experimental setup. However, the symmetry of the paraelectriclike phase LiOsO3 vanishes the Berry curvature dipole. The Berry curvature dipole shows a strong dependence on the polar displacement, which might be helpful for the detection of polar order. The nonlinear Hall effect provides an effective method for the detection of phase transition in the study of the ferroelectriclike metals and promotes them to be applied in ferroelectriclike electronic devices.

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