Department of Physics and Astronomy: Publications and Other Research


Date of this Version



Physical Review B 108 (2023): L140506


Published October 24, 2023

doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.108.L140506


Copyright 2023, American Physical Society. Used by permission


We study phase-controlled planar Josephson junctions comprising a two-dimensional electron gas with strong spin-orbit coupling and d-wave superconductors, which have an advantage of a high critical temperature. We show that a region between the two superconductors can be tuned into a topological state by the in-plane Zeeman field, and can host Majorana bound states. The phase diagram as a function of the Zeeman field, chemical potential, and the phase difference between superconductors exhibits the appearance of Majorana bound states for a wide range of parameters. We further investigate the behavior of the topological gap and its dependence on the type of d-wave pairing, i.e., d, d + is, or d + id', and note the difficulties that can arise due to the presence of gapless excitations in pure d-wave superconductors. On the other hand, the planar Josephson junctions based on superconductors with d + is and d + id' pairings can potentially lead to realizations of Majorana bound states. Our proposal can be realized in cuprate superconductors, e.g., in a twisted bilayer, combined with the layered semiconductor Bi2O2Se.