Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy

 

Date of this Version

9-15-1973

Comments

Published in Physical Review Volume 8, Number 6, 15 September 1973. Copyright 1973. Used by permission.

Abstract

90 °-scattered Raman spectra of single-domain gadolinium molybdate have been obtained at room temperature and above the 159 °C ferroelectric transition on several crystal orientations. Lines in the 0-200-cm-1 range can all be associated with Raman-active phonons and are identified by symmetry considerations, scattering-efficiency calculations, and comparison of spectra for different crystal orientations. Lines in the 200-1000-cm-1 range can be identified with coupled vibrations of tetrahedral molybdate ions. Spectra for frequencies above 1000 cm-1 originate from impurity flourescence. The effect of the presence of multiple domains on the spectra was determined; the observed differences between single-domain and multiple-domain crystals result from B1-B2 symmetry mixing from the twinning of adjacent domains. No new soft modes, in addition to the known soft mode at about 43 cm-1, were observed. A few of the lines that are present in only the low-temperature phase cannot be identified from symmetry analysis and are probably derived from zone-boundary modes of the high-temperature phase.

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