Date of this Version
Temperature-dependent centimeter-wave reflection is studied in powdered samples of potassium nitrate (KNO3), potassium nitrite (KNO2), sodium nitrate (NaNO3), and sodium nitrite (NaNO2). Temperature-dependent reflection measurements at centimeter-wave frequencies were performed on an HP8510B Network analyzer based reflectometer. These measurements are compared to calculations utilizing a Debye relaxation model. Reflection losses seen in KNO2 and NaNO2 are expected to be due to the presence of permanent dipoles that are excited to ‘‘hopping’’ modes as the temperature is raised. Although NaNO3 shows little reflection losses, KNO3 shows significant losses as the temperature is raised toward the order/disorder transition temperature of 128 °C. This is believed to be due to the development of ‘‘induced’’ dipole moments as the lattice becomes increasingly disordered.