Single Event Upset and Hardening in 0.15 μm Antifuse-Based Field Programmable Gate Array
Document Type Article
Published in IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 50, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2003.
The single event effects and hardening of a 0.15 μm antifuse FPGA, the AX device, were investigated by beam test and computer simulation. The beam test showed no permanent damage mode. Functional failures were observed and attributed to the upsets in a control logic circuit, the startup sequencer. Clock upsets were observed and attributed to the single event transients in the clock network. Upsets were also measured in the user flip-flop and embedded SRAM. The hardening technique dealing with each upset mode is discussed in detail. SPICE and three-dimensional mixed-mode simulations were used to determine the design rules for mitigating the multiple upsets due to glancing angle and charge sharing. The hardening techniques have been implemented in the newly fabricated RTAXS device. Preliminary heavy-ion-beam test data show that all the hard-wired hardening solutions are working successfully.