Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy


Date of this Version

March 1978


Published by American Institute of Physics. J. Applied Physics 49, 1507 (1978). ©1978 American Institute of Physics. Permission to use.


The magnetic susceptibility (χ) of polycrystalline samples of RGa2, R=Ce, Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, and Er, has been measured at low field, from 1.5 K to 300 K. The magnetization of these samples also has been measured up to 80 kOe at low temperatures. Antiferromagnetic behavior was observed for all the samples with Neel temperatures (TN) ranging from about 4.1 K for CeGa2 to about 14.8 K for TbGa2. Curie-Weiss fits to the high-temperature χ (T) data led to effective moments in good agreement with those expected for R3+ ions. The paramagnetic Weiss temperatures cannot be reconciled with the de Gennes theory based on free electron coupling of the R spins via the RKKY interaction. Electrical resistivity of selected polycrystalline samples has been measured, and the effects of spin-disorder scattering observed below TN. CeGa2 shows no evidence of Kondo behavior. Magnetization measurements for the polycrystalline samples show metamagnetic phase transitions when the antiferromagnetic R-R interactions are overcome. Measurements on a HoGa2 single crystal show that the [100] direction is the easy direction. Journal of Applied Physics is copyrighted by The American Institute of Physics.

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