Date of this Version
APL MATERIALS 3, 076101 (2015)
While rare-earth based Laves phases are known to exhibit large magnetostriction, the magnetic properties of some binary Laves phases containing transition metals alone are not well known. This is because many of these compounds contain refractory elements that complicate melt processing due to high melting temperatures and extensive phase separation. Here, phase-pure WFe2 nanoclusters, with the hexagonal C14 Laves structure, were deposited via inert gas condensation, allowing for the first known measurement of ferromagnetism in this phase, with MS of 26.4 emu/g (346 emu/cm3) and a KU of 286 kerg/cm3, at 10 K, and a TC of 550 K.