Date of this Version
APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS 108, 152406 (2016)
We report the fabrication of a rare-earth-free permanent-magnet material Co3Si in the form of nanoparticles and investigate its magnetic properties by experiments and density-functional theory (DFT). The DFT calculations show that bulk Co3Si has an easy-plane anisotropy with a high K1≈64 Merg/cm3 (6.4 MJ/m3) and magnetic polarization of 9.2 kG (0.92 T). In spite of having a negative anisotropy that generally leads to negligibly low coercivities in bulk crystals, Co3Si nanoparticles exhibit high coercivities (17.4 kOe at 10K and 4.3 kOe at 300 K). This result is a consequence of the unique nanostructure made possible by an effective easy-axis alignment in the cluster-deposition method and explained using micromagnetic analysis as a nanoscale phenomenon involving quantum-mechanical exchange interactions.