Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy


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Published by American Physical Society. Phys. Rev. B 65, 134426 (2002). Copyright © 2002 American Physical Society. Permission to use.


Static and dynamic aspects of the magnetization reversal in nanowire arrays are investigated. The arrays have been produced by electrodeposition of ferromagnetic metals (Fe, Co, and Ni) into porous anodic alumina templates, with diameters as small as 5 nm. The crystal structures of the nanowires are bcc (Fe) and fcc (Ni) and a mixture of fcc and hcp (Co), with grain sizes of a few nanometers. Magnetic properties as a function of temperature are investigated. The temperature dependence of coercivity can be understood in terms of thermal activation over an energy barrier with a 3/2-power dependence on the field. Coercivity as a function of diameter reveals a change of the magnetization reversal mechanism from localized quasicoherent nucleation for small diameters to a localized curlinglike nucleation as the diameter exceeds a critical value determined by the exchange length. The quasicoherent limit is described by a model that yields explicitly real-structure-dependent expressions for coercivity, localization length, and activation volume.

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