Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy


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Published by American Institute of Physics. Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1514 (2000). ©2000 American Institute of Physics. Permission to use.


A class of promising permanent-magnet materials with an appreciable high-temperature coercivity of 8.6 kOe at 500 °C is reported. The Sm–Co–Cu–Ti magnets are prepared by arc melting and require a suitable heat treatment. Magnetization measurements as a function of temperature and x-ray diffraction patterns indicate that the samples are two-phase mixtures of 2:17 and 1:5 structures. Depending on heat treatment and composition, some of the magnets exhibit a positive temperature coefficient of coercivity. The promising high-temperature behavior of the coercivity is ascribed to the temperature dependence of the domain-wall energy, which affects the curvature of the walls and the pinning behavior.

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