Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy
Date of this Version
The temperature dependence of the magnetic anisotropy of ferromagnetic materials is analyzed. Simple ferromagnets, such as Fe and Co, obey the m=n (n+1)/2 power laws predicted by the Callen and Callen [Phys. Rev. 129, 578 (1963)] theory, but in alloys, the applicability of the theory is an exception rather than the rule. Many alloys, such as the rare-earth transition-metal intermetallics and L10 magnets, violate a basic assumption of the theory, namely, that the single-ion anisotropy and the spontaneous magnetization have the same origin. This is the reason for significant deviations from the Callen and Callen behavior, such as the m=2 law we obtained for L10 alloys.
Published by American Institute of Physics. J. Applied Physics 99, 08E916 (2006). ©2006 American Institute of Physics. Permission to use. http://jap.aip.org/jap/.