Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy
Electronic structures and Curie temperatures of iron-based rare-earth permanent-magnet compounds
Date of this Version
The modification of the electronic structures of Sm2Fe17-xAlxNy, NdFe11TiNy, and YFe12-xMox upon alloying and nitriding are examined with self-consistent spin-polarized calculations and soft-x-ray photoemission measurements between 18 and 135 eV. The changes in the Curie temperature Tc with substitutional modifications and nitrogen addition are modeled with self-consistent spin-polarized electronic structure calculations and the spin-fluctuation theory of Mohn and Wohlfarth which relates the electronic structure to Tc. The calculations show that the spin-summed density of states at the Fermi energy is related to Tc. The photoemission spectra are dominated by the Fe 3d electrons within 3 eV of the Fermi energy in agreement with calculations. Changes in the density of states at the Fermi energy for interstitial and and substitutional modification compare well with calculations. Using photoemission results with experimental magnetic moments for the substitutional modification of the compound Sm2Fe17-xAlx, the spin-fluctuation theory predicts a change in Tc in agreement with the measured change in Tc. Spin-resolved photoemission spectra for c-axis oriented Sm2Fe17N2.6 with magnetization perpendicular to the surface are presented and compared to theoretical calculations.
Published by American Physical Society. Phys. Rev. B 51, 1064 (1995). http://prb.aps.org. Copyright © 1995 American Physical Society. Permission to use.