Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy


Date of this Version

November 1990


Published by American Physical Society. Phys. Rev. A 42, 5580 (1990). Copyright © 1990 American Physical Society. Permission to use.


An analytic momentum-space wave function for an electron in both laser and static uniform electric fields is presented. It is used to obtain analytic multiphoton detachment cross sections in a static, uniform electric field which include effects of static-field-induced electron-photon interactions. These general results are not restricted to weak laser intensities or to weak static-field strengths and depend only on (a) the electric dipole approximation and (b) the approximation that final-state electron-atom interactions are ignored. Four specific predictions of our general formulas for the most interesting case of linearly polarized light polarized along the static-field direction are presented for weakly bound electrons initially in an s state. First, the effects of a weak static electric field on N-photon detachment cross sections near threshold are shown to be described by two modulation factors, one for odd N and one for even N, which depend only on a scaled energy. Second, for photodetachment in a static electric field, effects of static-field-induced electron-photon interactions are demonstrated. Third, the lifetime against field ionization is presented. Fourth, the cross section for electric-field-induced stimulated emission is presented. Numerical results for the latter three effects are presented for the H- ion. The simpler case of circularly polarized light directed along the static-electric-field direction is treated briefly. In particular, we show for this case that the static- and laser-field effects are uncoupled and that the near-threshold, weak static-electric-field modulation factors for the N-photon detachment cross sections are dependent on N.

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