Research Papers in Physics and Astronomy


Date of this Version

August 1978


Published by American Physical Society. Phys. Rev. A 18, 354 (1978). Copyright © 1978 American Physical Society. Permission to use.


We derive a new form for the matrix element of the two-particle mutual spin-orbit interaction in the Breit-Pauli approximation. The complexity of standard tensor-operator expansion techniques is obviated by suitably decomposing the mutual spin-orbit interaction into products of spin and orbital angular-momentum operators, whose matrix elements in the lmisms scheme are obtained in a straightforward manner. Graphical representations are given for both the one- and two-particle spin-orbit interactions, thereby permitting the analytical evaluation by graphical techniques of the spin-orbit interaction between arbitrary configurations in any coupling scheme. The graphical procedure for evaluating these matrix elements is demonstrated for LS-coupled configurations having two nonequivalent electrons outside closed shells. Various properties of the two-particle mutual spin-orbit operator are easily illustrated using its graphical representation.

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