Date of this Version
APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS 101, 241907 (2012)
Hexagonal LuFeO3 films have been studied using x-ray absorption and optical spectroscopy. The crystal splitting of Fe3+ is extracted as Ee' - Ee" = 0.7 eV and Ea'1 - Ee' = 0.9 eV, and a 2.0 eV optical bandgap is determined assuming a direct gap. First-principles calculations confirm the experiments that the relative energies of crystal field splitting states do follow Ea'1 > Ee' > Ee" with slightly underestimated values and a bandgap of 1.35 eV.