Reclassification of Subspecies of Acidovorax avenae as A. Avenae (Manns 1905) emend., A. cattleyae (Pavarino, 1911)comb.nov., A. citrulli Schaad et al.,1978)comb.nov., and proposal of A. oryzae sp. nov.
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The bacterium Acidovorax avenae causes disease in a wide range of economically important monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants, including corn, rice, watermelon, anthurium, and orchids.Genotypic and phenotypic relatedness among strains of phytopathogenic A. avenae sub sp. avenae, A. avenae sub sp. citrulli, A. avenae subsp. cattleyae and A. konjaci, as well as all other Acidovorax species, including A. facilis, the type strain of Acidovorax, was determined.The16s rDNA sequencing confirmed previous studies showing the environmental species to be very distant from the phytopathogenic species. DNA/DNA reassociation assays on the different strains of A. avenae revealed four(A, B, C, and D) distinct genotypes. Taxon A included six A. avenae subsp. avenaestrains from corn that had a mean reciprocal similarity of 81%; taxon B included six A. avenae sub sp. avenae strains from rice that had a mean reciprocal similarity of 97%; taxon C contained 11 A. avenae sub sp. citrulli strains from cucurbits (cantaloupe, watermelon, and pumpkin) that had a mean reciprocal similarity of 88%, and taxon D contained four A. avenae sub sp. cattleyae strains from orchids that had a mean similarity of 98%.