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The isolation and characterization of a virus (designated EhV) that infects the marine coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi (Lohmann) Hay & Mohler are described. Three independent clones of EhV were isolated from Norwegian coastal waters in years 1999 and 2000. EhV is a double-stranded DNA-containing virus with a genome size of ~415 kilo-base pairs. The viral particle is an icosahedron with a diameter of 160–180 nm. The virus particle contains at least nine proteins ranging from 10 to 140 kDa; the major capsid protein weighs ~54 kDa. EhV has a latent period of 12–14 h and a burst size of 400–1000 (mean, 620) viral particles per cell. A phylogenetic tree based on DNA polymerase amino acid sequences indicates EhV should be as¬signed to the Phycodnaviridae virus family and that the virus is most closely related to viruses that infect Micromonas pusilla and certain Chlorella species.