Date of this Version
Godoy-Lutz, G., Steadman, J. R., Higgins, B., and Powers, K. 2003. Genetic variation among isolates of the web blight pathogen of common bean based on PCR-RFLP of the ITS-rDNA region. Plant Dis. 87:766-771.
Variability of 45 isolates of Rhizoctonia solani (teleomorph Thanatephorus cucumeris) causing web blight (WB) of common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris, was examined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis of the internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS1 and ITS2) and the 5.8S subunit (5.8S) of the nuclear ribosomal DNA repeat (ITS-5.8S-rDNA). Isolates were collected from diseased bean leaves from Argentina, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Panama, and Puerto Rico. These WB isolates belong to AG-1 and AG-2 based on anastomosis reaction. Isolates of AG-1 that cause WB were separated into three distinct groups of RFLP patterns from enzymatic digestion of a 740-bp PCR fragment. Microsclerotia-producing isolates (�1 mm) were differentiated from macrosclerotia-producing isolates (5 to 20 mm) based on PCR-RFLP patterns even though they are placed in the same AG1-1B subgroup by anastomosis reaction. WB isolates of AG-2 were separated into two distinct PCR-RFLP groups as previously reported. AG-1 macrosclerotialproducing isolates were the most virulent, whereas isolates of AG-2 were the least virulent. Genetic variability of the WB pathogen may have influenced the failure or success of management practices implemented in the past in Latin America.