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Genomics of Plant-Associated Fungi and Oomycetes: Dicot Pathogens,
Phytophthora ramorum is a recently emerged plant pathogen and causal agent of one of the most destructive and devastating diseases currently affecting US horticulture and forests (Rizzo et al. 2002, 2005). This oomycete pathogen was discovered in Marin County, California, in the mid-1990s, causing sudden oak death on coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia) and tanoak (Notholithocarpus densiflorus) and simultaneously discovered in Europe causing foliar blight on Rhododendron and Viburnum (Rizzo et al. 2002; Werres et al. 2001). It is now known to affect more than 100 plant species, including economically important nursery and forest host species (Frankel 2008; Rizzo et al. 2005; Tooley et al. 2004; Tooley and Kyde 2007).