Plant Pathology Department


Date of this Version



Published in ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY, July 1974, p. 76-83, Vol. 6, No. 1. Copyright 1974 American Society for Microbiology Used by permission.


Syringacin 4-A, a bacteriocin produced by Pseudomonas syrinagae 4-A, was obtained by induction with ultraviolet irradiation or mitomycin C. Approximately 1,000-fold purification of the bacteriocin was achieved by manganous chloride precipitation, differential centrifugation, and chromatography on hydroxyapatite columns. The purified syngacin was homogeneous on hydroxyapatite columns and sucrose density gradients; it also sedimented as a single entity in the analytical ultracentrifuge. The buoyant density of purified syringacin in cesium chloride was 1.294 g/ml. The sedimentation coefficient was calculated as 120S, and the diffusion coefficient was 6.49 x 10-8 cm2/s. The molecular weight was calculated as 1.6 x 107 from physical data and 1.7 x 107 from biological data. The syringacin was composed of about 88.4% protein, 8.5% arabinose, 2.2% galacturonic acid, and 0.7% glucosamine. Amino acid analysis indicated a predominance of leucine (12.1%), aspartic acid (12.2%), and glutamic acid (12.7%). The ultraviolet spectrum showed a maximum absorbance peak at 276 nm. The syringacin was heat and alcohol sensitive, but resistant to trypsin, chymotrypsin, carboxypeptidase, Pronase, protease, lysozyme, steapsin, deoxyribonuclease, and ribonuclease. Maximum pH stability was between 5 and 8. Crude bacteriocin was stable at room temperature for at least a year, and purified material was stable for at least 3 months at 4 C.