Date of this Version
Phytopathology® 2023, 113:1115-1127. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-10-22-0401
Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV; genus Tritimovirus, family Potyviridae) is the causal agent of the most economically important wheat streak mosaic disease of wheat (Triticum aestivum) in the Great Plains region of theUnited States.WSMVdeterminants responsible forwheat streak mosaic disease in wheat are unknown. Triticum mosaic virus (TriMV), a wheatinfecting virus,was used as an expression vector for the transient expression of each of the WSMV-encoded cistrons in wheat. WSMV-encoded 6K1, NIa-VPg, NIa-Pro, and CP cistrons in TriMV elicited symptoms specific to different stages of wheat streak mosaic disease without significantly affecting the genomic RNA accumulation. WSMV 6K1 produced early wheat streak mosaic disease-like symptoms of severe chlorotic streaks and patches. NIa-VPg and CP caused severe chlorotic streaks, followed by moderate stunting (only with NIa-VPg) of wheat, mimicking earlyand mid-stage symptoms of wheat streak mosaic disease. WSMV NIa-Pro caused mild chlorotic streaks, followed by dark green leaves with severe stunting, representing the late symptoms of wheat streak mosaic disease. Collectively, these data suggest that cumulative effects of WSMV-encoded 6K1, NIa-VPg, NIa-Pro, andCPare responsible for different stages of wheat streak mosaic disease symptoms in wheat. Furthermore, deletion analysis of wheat streak mosaic disease determinants revealed that complete 6K1 and NIa-Pro, amino acids 3 to 60 and 121 to 197 of NIa-VPg, and amino acids 101 to 294 of CP are responsible for wheat streak mosaic disease-like symptoms in wheat. This study suggests that management strategies for wheat streak mosaic disease in wheat should target WSMV determinants of the disease phenotype.