Date of this Version
Published in Aggression and Violent Behavior 26 (2016), pp. 35–45.
This article reviews the literature on sexual revictimization, integrating ﬁndings from studies with adult and youth samples and organizing research evidence within a social ecological framework. Multiple victimization experiences are common among children, adolescents, and adults with histories of child sexual abuse; they are associated with negative cumulative effects on the individual and, through these negative sequelae, perpetuate a cycle of victimization. While much of the research has focused on individual factors that promote revictimization, there is emerging evidence that external inﬂuences on the individual may inﬂuence risk for subsequent victimization. Speciﬁcally, family, perpetrators, and engagement with helping professionals may all mediate revictimization risk. Although limited evidence prevents conclusions regarding societal values, public policy, and law, these systems may also impact individual risk for experiencing multiple victimizations.