Psychology, Department of


Date of this Version

April 2004


Published in Memory, 12:2 (2004), pp. 140-146. Copyright © 2004 Psychology Press Ltd./Taylor and Francis. Used by permission. DOI:10.1080/09658210244000289


The revelation effect is an episodic memory phenomenon where participants are more likely to report that they recognized an item when it is judged after an interpolated task than when it is not. Although this effect is very robust, nearly all of the extant research has used verbal or readily verbalizable stimuli. The present two experiments examined whether a revelation effect could be produced with non-verbal stimuli such as faces. A revelation effect was found in both experiments, for both targets and lures, using faces as stimuli. The findings are integrated into the prevailing empirical frameworks for the revelation effect and face recognition memory