Date of this Version
Cognitive Therapy and Research 14:2 (April 1990), pp. 177–189.
A revised Stroop color-naming task was used to test hypotheses derived from Beck’s cognitive theory of anxiety disorders which proposes that social phobics are hypervigilant to social-evaluative threat cues. Color-naming latencies for social and physical threat words were compared to matched neutral words for both social phobics and individuals with panic disorder. As predicted, social phobics showed longer latencies for social threat words, and panickers had longer latencies for physical threat words. Latency for color-naming social threat words correlated with self-reported avoidance among social phobics. These results are consistent with Beck’s notion of self-schemata which facilitate the processing of threat cues. Methodological issues and clinical implications are discussed.