Public Health Resources


Date of this Version



Published in American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 2009; 73 (3) Article 52.


Objective. Determine the effectiveness of TIMER (Tool to Improve Medications in the Elderly via Review) in helping pharmacists and pharmacy students identify drug-related problems during patient medication reviews.
Methods. In a randomized, controlled study design, geriatric patient cases were sent to 136 pharmacists and 108 third-year pharmacy students who were asked to identify drug related-problems (DRPs) with and without using TIMER.
Results. Pharmacists identified more tool-related DRPs using TIMER (p 5 0.027). Pharmacy students identified more tool-related DRPs using TIMER in the first case (p 5 0.02), but not in the second.
Conclusion. TIMER increased the number of DRPs identified by practicing pharmacists and pharmacy students during medication reviews of hypothetical patient cases.

Included in

Public Health Commons