Public Health Resources


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F.K.L. Tangka, S. Subramanian, Importance of implementation economics for program planning—evaluation of CDC’s colorectal cancer control program, Evaluation and Program Planning (2016)


U.S. Government Work


Understanding the cost of initiating and operationalizing colorectal cancer (CRC) control programs is essential for planning successful implementation of evidence-based recommendations to reduce disparities in the use and quality of CRC cancer screening services. Currently, only about 58% of adults ages 50–75 years in the United States are up-to-date with CRC screening recommendations; adults without health insurance have a much lower uptake of about 24% (Sabatino, White, Thompson, & Klabunde, 2015). Targeted interventions and programs, especially those focused on the uninsured and underinsured populations, are required to meet the population-wide target of 80% by 2018 set by The National Colorectal Cancer Roundtable (NCCRT, n.d.). The Community Guide contains several evidence-based recommenda- tions for screening promotion interventions but there are very few studies on the economics of screening program implementation (Baron et al., 2010; Sabatino et al., 2012). There is an urgent need to increase the number of ‘implementation economics’ studies to develop the evidence-base to guide funding decision making, design cost-effective programs and ensure optimal use of limited resources. We define ‘implementation economics’ as a subdiscipline within implementation science that focusses on economic evaluation related to cost (cost-of-illness analysis, program cost analysis), cost-effectiveness, cost-benefit, costutility, budget impact, and cost minimization.