Public Policy Center, University of Nebraska


Date of this Version



Published in Evaluation and Program Planning 83 (2020) 101854

DOI: 10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2020.101854


Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Used by permission.


This project explored the reliability and utility of transcription in coding qualitative data across two studies in a program evaluation context. The first study tested the method of direct audio coding, or coding audio files without transcripts, using qualitative data software. The presence and frequency of codes applied in direct audio coding and traditional transcription coding were compared and the two methods produced similar results. Direct audio coding was then employed in an evaluation study to monitor implementation and the method and to be reliable. Implications are discussed with considerations for both researchers and practitioners.