Public Policy Center, University of Nebraska


Date of this Version



Scalora, M. J., & Zimmerman, W. (2015). Then and now: Tracking a federal agency’s threat assessment activity through two decades with an eye toward the future. Journal of Threat Assessment and Management, 2(3-4), 268-274.


US government work


The following is an edited summary of a plenary session provided by the speakers during the 25th Annual Conference of the Association of Threat Assessment Professionals (ATAP) Conference held August 2015.

We are going to talk a little bit about history. We are sorry to bore you with this again but this is going to be about the history of the Capitol Police Threat Assessment Section. In 1987, the command made a decision to develop a threat assessment unit. We were trying to find out who actually made that command decision but nobody claimed it. We credit our Chief of Police at the time who was James Carvino. The Congress, the Senate, and the Capitol Police were not satisfied with the results that they were getting related to threats against Members of Congress. At that time, the USCP was in the process of starting a dignitary protection division for congressional leadership and so they needed a little bit of justification for spending the money. Like everything else back then, they did it in a really organized fashion as they brought two investigators and a Sergeant together and said, “Ok guys, you are going to take care of threats on Members of Congress.” We will tell you that there was not a lot of training on threat assessment and threat management back then....