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This paper is a critical analysis of Harriet Martineau’s philosophical stance and epistemological modes, her systematic sociological methodology, her use of this methodology, and her sociology of religion. How to Observe Morals and Manners (1838), Eastern Life, Present and Past (1848), and other relevant works will be used to examine Martineau’s evolving epistemological modes as well as her sociology of religion. How to Observe, Martineau’s treatise on systematic sociological methodology and cultural relativism, will serve as an exemplar for analysis of Martineau’s methodological practice as evidenced in Eastern Life. The research problem herein is three-fold: (1) to examine the epistemological modes employed by Martineau in select works; (2) to determine if Martineau followed her own methodology as set forth in How to Observe while subsequently observing in the historical Middle East as evidenced in Eastern Life; and 3) to define the characteristics of Martineau’s sociology of religion.
Adviser: Mary Jo Deegan
Epistemology Commons, History of Philosophy Commons, History of Religion Commons, Islamic World and Near East History Commons, Philosophy of Mind Commons, Quantitative, Qualitative, Comparative, and Historical Methodologies Commons, Social History Commons, Sociology of Culture Commons, Theory, Knowledge and Science Commons, Women's Studies Commons