Date of this Version
Meyer, K. 2022. Effects of victimization and community characteristics on health outcomes. University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
Drawing on the neighborhood disorder model, the environmental stress model, and general strain theory, this study examined the effects of victimization experiences, anticipated victimization, and perceived community characteristics on overall physical health and mental health outcomes. This study used cross-sectional survey data from the 2014-2015 Nebraska Annual Social Indicator Survey (NASIS). Linear regression was used to examine how victimization experiences, worry about victimization, community context, and perceptions of crime and policing were associated with the health outcomes, controlling for demographic characteristics. The findings show that more worry about crime, less positive community perceptions, and less perceived police protection were associated with poorer physical health. In addition to these same factors, poorer mental health was associated with perceived increases in crime and feeling anger about crime in a community. These findings are consistent with prior research showing that victimization and community characteristics affect different health outcomes. Future research should examine perceptions of community cohesion variables with robust measures. Addressing variables about perceptions where communities lack cohesion and social order can help reduce stress and strain for individuals.
Advisor: Lisa Kort-Butler