Sociology, Department of


Date of this Version



Published in Journal of Health Psychology 21:2 (February 2016), pp. 183– 192 doi: 10.1177/1359105314524970


Copyright © 2014 Arthur L Greil, Julia McQuillan, and Delida Sanchez. Published by SAGE Publications. Used by permission.


This study explored whether fertility-specific distress varied by race/ethnicity among a nationally representative sample of US women. Participants were 2363 White (n = 1266), Black (n = 569), Hispanic (n = 453), and Asian (n = 51) women who participated in the National Survey of Fertility Barriers. Participants were given the Fertility-Specific Distress Scale and assessed for strength of pregnancy intent, primary versus secondary infertility, and socioeconomic hardship. Black women reported lower levels of fertility-specific distress than White women, but these were fully mediated by the strength of pregnancy intentions. Primary versus secondary infertility and economic hardship were not associated with fertility-specific distress.