Sociology, Department of


Date of this Version



Addict Behav. 2013 May ; 38(5): 2103–2109.


Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


Objectives—To investigate growth in problem drinking and monthly marijuana use among North American Indigenous adolescents from the upper Midwest and Canada.

Methods—Panel data from a community-based participatory research project includes responses from 619 adolescents residing on or near 7 different reservations/reserves. All respondents were members of the same Indigenous cultural group.

Results—Rates of problem drinking and monthly marijuana use increased steadily across the adolescent years, with fastest growth occurring in early adolescence (before age 15). In general, female participants reported higher rates of substance use prior to age 15; however, male reports of use surpassed those of females in later adolescence.

Conclusions—Results of this study highlight the importance of early adolescent substance use prevention efforts and the possible utility of gender responsive programming.