Date of this Version
Hill, Michael R. 2009. "Patriarchy." Pp. 628-633 in Encyclopedia of Gender and Society, edited by Jodi O'Brien. Vol. 2. Los Angeles: Sage.
The term patiarchy refers to an organization, institution, or society in which power, social control, material wealth, and high social status accrue predominantly to males rather than females. Patriarchy is one of the most enduring and pervasive of all social patterns. It appears in all eras, among all races, social institutions, and economic classes, and in virtually every known culture. Rising initially in early family and kinship structures, hierarchical patriarchal patterns are found today around the globe not only in family and kinship groups but also throughout the major social institutions, including language, family, economy, polity, religion, law, education, science, and medicine.