Sociology, Department of


Date of this Version



Published in The SAGE Encyclopedia of LGBTQ Studies, edited by Abbie Goldberg (Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 2016), pp. 973-976.


This entry describes how LGBTQ individuals in rural areas have different experiences from those of LGBTQ individuals in urban areas. It outlines how understandings about cities and small towns have been intertwined with understandings about LGBTQ identities as well as what current demographic data show with regard to where LGBTQ people live in the United States. Then the entry details LGBTQ identities and communities in urban contexts. It ends by describing LGBTQ identities and communities in rural contexts. Throughout, attention is paid to the diversity of experiences within each context.