Department of Teaching, Learning and Teacher Education


Date of this Version



Journal of Research in Science Teaching 47:2 (2010), pp. 121–129; doi: 10.1002/tea.20320


Copyright © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Used by permission.


A lack of qualified teachers and low enrollment in the geosciences exist at both secondary and tertiary levels in the United States. Consequently, it is unlikely that students will be able to achieve scientific literacy without an increase in both of these populations. To address these problems, we pose research questions, highlight sociocultural theories, and provide examples of other science education research as possible avenues by which to explore these related problems. We argue that such research studies are necessary to inform science education policy and advance national scientific literacy.