Department of Teaching, Learning and Teacher Education


Date of this Version



Published in Alessandro Capone & Jacob L. Mey, eds., Interdisciplinary Studies in Pragmatics, Culture and Society (Springer International Publishing, 2015), pp. 71–135 doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-12616-6_4


Copyright © 2016 Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

This chapter has been removed at the request of the editors.

Persons wishing to receive a pdf copy may contact the corresponding author at email or the second author at email


This chapter introduces the transdisciplinary research movement of critical discourse analysis (CDA) beginning with its definition and recent examples of CDA work. In addition, approaches to CDA such as the dialectical relational (Fairclough), sociocognitive (van Dijk), discourse historical (Wodak), social actors (van Leeuwen), and the Foucauldian dispositive analysis (Jager and Maier) are outlined, as well as the complex relation of CDA to pragmatics. Next, the chapter provides a brief mention of the extensive critique of CDA, the creation of critical discourse studies (CDS), and new trends in CDA, including positive discourse analysis (PDA), CDA with multimodality, CDA and cognitive linguistics, critical applied linguistics, and other areas (rhetoric, education, anthropology/ethnography, sociolinguistics, culture, feminism/gender, and corpus studies). It ends with new directions aiming towards social action for social justice.