Department of Teaching, Learning and Teacher Education
Critical Discourse Analysis: Definition, Approaches, Relation to Pragmatics, Critique, and Trends
Date of this Version
Published in Alessandro Capone & Jacob L. Mey, eds., Interdisciplinary Studies in Pragmatics, Culture and Society (Springer International Publishing, 2015), pp. 71–135 doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-12616-6_4
This chapter introduces the transdisciplinary research movement of critical discourse analysis (CDA) beginning with its definition and recent examples of CDA work. In addition, approaches to CDA such as the dialectical relational (Fairclough), sociocognitive (van Dijk), discourse historical (Wodak), social actors (van Leeuwen), and the Foucauldian dispositive analysis (Jager and Maier) are outlined, as well as the complex relation of CDA to pragmatics. Next, the chapter provides a brief mention of the extensive critique of CDA, the creation of critical discourse studies (CDS), and new trends in CDA, including positive discourse analysis (PDA), CDA with multimodality, CDA and cognitive linguistics, critical applied linguistics, and other areas (rhetoric, education, anthropology/ethnography, sociolinguistics, culture, feminism/gender, and corpus studies). It ends with new directions aiming towards social action for social justice.
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