Textiles, Merchandising and Fashion Design, Department of


Date of this Version



Published in Trends in Biotechnology 23:1 (January 2005), pp. 22–27; doi: 10.1016/j.tibtech.2004.11.002 Copyright © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. Used by permission. Published online November 20, 2004.


Lignocellulosic agricultural byproducts are a copious and cheap source for cellulose fibers. Agro-based biofibers have the composition, properties and structure that make them suitable for uses such as composite, textile, pulp and paper manufacture. In addition, biofibers can also be used to produce fuel, chemicals, enzymes and food. Byproducts produced from the cultivation of corn, wheat, rice, sorghum, barley, sugarcane, pineapple, banana and coconut are the major sources of agro-based biofibers. This review analyses the production processes, structure, properties and suitability of these biofibers for various industrial applications.