Theatre and Film, Johnny Carson School of


Date of this Version



Im Spiegel der Theatergeschichte,Thalia Germanica Vol. 15, Ed. Paul S. Ulrich et al, Berlin: Hopf, 2015, 225-236.


Heinrich Conried was the most significant actor-director-manager the German theatre in the United States ever produced. In a career that spanned over three decades in theatres from the Bowery to the Metropolitan Opera Company, few individuals–regardless of the language in which they worked–matched his remarkable achievements. Beginning as an actor and Oberspielleiter in 1878, Conried worked in various professional New York venues continuously until his untimely death in 1909, and during that time there were only five years in which he did not work exclusively in the German language–and those five years were the ones he ran the Metropolitan Opera.