Nebraska Academy of Sciences


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Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences- Volume VI, 1978. Copyright © 1978 Agenbroad


Construction work on a housing development in southern Hot Springs, South Dakota, during July 1974 exposed teeth, tusks, skulls, and post-cranial elements of mammoth. These were located in a small deposit of sand within the Spearfish Formation, a red shale of Permian-Triassic age.

The deposit was originally a topographic depression. Prior to construction, it stood as a ridge, the sand and gravel armoring the adjacent shale. It is currently a sandy knob left by the construction work.

Initial excavation during 1974 and 1975 (Agenbroad and Jones, 1975) was salvage and exploratory in nature. The abundant faunal remains from such efforts resulted in a field season from June 13 to July 19, 1976.

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