Nebraska Academy of Sciences


Date of this Version



Published in Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences, Volume 3 (1976).


Copyright 1976 by author(s).


A study of many jaws and teeth representing over eighty animals has revealed ages ranging from .5 years through adult. Characteristics of the fourth pre-molars and third molars have been studied in an attempt to determine whether these animals are members of extinct Pleistocene species or varieties of more recent Bison.


The Hudson-Meng Site (25-SX-115), located twenty-five miles northwest of Crawford, Nebraska, is the butchering area of a bison kill. For the past two seasons Dr. Larry Agenbroad and crews of students and volunteers have excavated the site. Approximately one-third of the original area has been uncovered. A relative date of 9,000 BP has been tentatively assigned to the kill.

A study of the collection of jaws and teeth from the site has revealed a herd of at least ninety-two animals, ranging in age from .5 years to 10.5 years and older.

This herd has not been identified as any particular species, but much evidence implies that these animals may represent a transition group between Pleistocene and Recent Bison species.