Great Plains Natural Science Society


The Prairie Naturalist

Date of this Version


Document Type



The Prairie Naturalist 40(1/2): March/June 2008, pp 53-55


While there are several reviews of the effects of OHVs and recreational activity on wildlife populations (Knight and Gutzwiller 1995, Joslin and Youmans 1999), most studies have focused on physiological (Creel et al. 2002) or behavioral (Van Dyke et al. 1986, Riley et al. 2003) responses to disturbance; none have addressed the potential for direct mortality. In 2005, we documented the death from an OHV of a juvenile, female American marten (F299) that had been radiocollared during a study documenting the distribution and abundance of American marten in the Black Hills, South Dakota (Smith 2007); the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee at South Dakota State University approved all handling protocols (Approval Number 04-A030). We relocated F299 16 times between the date of capture (3 August 2005) and the date she was discovered dead. We located the carcass on 9 September 2005 in a dry creek bed in the Northeast region of the Black Hills, South Dakota, approximately I-km south of the nearest secondary road.