Psychology, Department of


Date of this Version


Document Type



Holt, N. R., King, R. E., Mocarski, R., Woodruff, N. & Hope, D. A. (2020) Specialists in name or practice? The inclusion of transgender and gender diverse identities in online materials of gender specialists, Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, DOI: 10.1080/10538720.2020.1763225

Author manuscript; available in PMC 2022 January 01. Published in final edited form as: J Gay Lesbian Soc Serv. 2021 ; 33(1): 1–15. doi:10.1080/10538720.2020.1763225.


Recommendations for health care providers working with transgender and gender diverse (TGD) individuals emphasize affirming clients’ identities, such as using correct pronouns and name, however it is unknown how often gender specialists adhere to such recommendations. Websites and intake forms of gender specialists were coded for use of affirming language, asking for pronouns and chosen name, and mention of TGD specialties and resources. Most websites identified the provider’s specialty to work with TGD individuals, though much fewer provided additional resources concerning TGD issues and only half of intake forms included affirming language. Given previous research that has demonstrated providers working in states with legal protections for TGD individuals use affirming language more often than providers in locales without protections, association with state legal climate is also examined.