Date of this Version
The purpose of this study is to analyze the traditional textile materials of Baekje including the sorts of material, colors, and patterns. This study is qualitative research using documentary records related with the costume of Baekje and evacuated data such as “Yang-Jikgongdo”, on the wall paintings of Seonwun-temple, Wajeon(tiles), and the relics from King Muryeong's dome and other domes.
The results of study are as follows:
1) Textile manufacturing technology of Baekje which had been developed since Mahan era greatly prospered in Baekje era, and high quality silks, hemp, wool, and leather were used as dress material.
2) Six basic colors of the costume of Baekje were Five Colors(blue, red, yellow, white, and black) based on the ideology of Yin-Yang and the Five Elements plus violet based on the ideology of Great Absolute.
3) The honeysuckle arabesque pattern of the costume of Baekje has elegant lines, and shows artistic technique by completing exquisite beauty of symmetry on the basis of splendid form. Especially floral arabesque used as the decoration of cap is the characteristics of the pattern of Baekje. Buddhist pattern was used as textile patterns. The pattern of Wajeon in late Baekje era shows that Baekje's own pattern was developed.
From historical viewpoint, the biggest characteristic of the costume of Baekje was that Baekje first established a government organization using different colors of textiles among three kingdoms in A.D. 260(27th year of King Goi). The pattern of textiles shows the esthetic sense and the mild disposition of Baekje.