Date of this Version
From Creating Textiles: Makers, Methods, Markets. Proceedings of the Sixth Biennial Symposium of the Textile Society of America, Inc. New York, NY, September 23–26, 1998 (Earleville, MD: Textile Society of America, Inc., 1999).
The recent publications and exhibitions about Central Asian ikats have been highJy acclaimed projects in both their scholarly and their interpretive excellence. Extensive information about the ikats is now available. But while much of the history of these silk luxury items is known, much less has been written about the "flip side" of the story, the original or indigenous linings of the robes and backings of the wall hangings. There are two types of such textiles. The earliest extant fabrics are the woodblock printed chit type which have been well researched. This presentation will focus on the other, more esoteric, type: Russian printed cotton. Examples of Russian fabrics, most of which were produced between 1850 and 1920, incorporated into the ikat masterpieces of The Guido Goldman Collection, form the core group of this study. Comparable examples in the Musei Sittsa, Ivanovo, Russia, and in several public institutions in Moscow will help to determine precise places of design and production. Made specifically for the Uzbekistan market, these textiles display a unique design sensibility that indicates, in part, the Russian idea of Central Asian taste. This is at times fascinating and at times amusing. As lower-end, export-market trade goods, their patterns draw upon a vast visual vocabulary, from British and French sources, to regional folk art, and traditional Near Eastern decorative motifs.